Journal of Current Research in Food Science
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P-ISSN: 2709-9377, E-ISSN: 2709-9385

Journal of Current Research in Food Science

2022, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Part B
Dietary fiber and metabolic syndrome: A complex relationship

Author(s): Dr. Pragya Verma

Abstract: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a complex web of metabolic risk factors that are linked with a 2-fold risk of CVD and a 5-fold risk of diabetes. Individuals with MS have a 30%-40% likelihood of developing CVD within 20 years; depending on the number of components they have. The main features of MetS include abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, hyperglycemia/insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. The most commonly used criteria for diagnosis of MetS are the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP-III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), both of which include fasting plasma glucose, blood pressure, triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and body fat (waist circumference). MetS has become a global public health issue. Its prevalence has been estimated to vary between 20-27% in adults from developing countries, and even higher in developed nations. Approximately 20-25% of the world adult population suffers from MS disorders and in India, the prevalence of MS is increasing exponentially as determined by 33.5% overall, 24.9% in males and 42.3% in female on the basis of The National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) diagnostic criteria. Preventing and treating this syndrome is an area of public health urgency from the perspective of improving the morbidity and mortality statistics as well as in reducing its economic burden. Recent evidences suggest that increasing the fiber intake through dietary intervention is a safe and practical approach to improving the burden of this syndrome. Within recent years, the US (FDA), (2001) has endorsed the relation between an increase in soluble fiber and a decrease in serum total cholesterol by ratifying health claims for oats and for psyllium fiber. The active component in oats has been identified as the linear mixed-link (1→3) (1→4) β-D-glucan (β-glucan), which reduces serum total cholesterol by 5-10% and which in oats is present at close to 4% (by wt). Recent evidences suggest that dietary fiber that is rich in whole and unrefined grains is protective and plays an important role in preventing or delaying the onset of these lifestyle diseases such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, and colon dysfunction.

DOI: 10.22271/foodsci.2022.v3.i2b.134

Pages: 120-124 | Views: 85 | Downloads: 35

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Journal of Current Research in Food Science
How to cite this article:
Dr. Pragya Verma. Dietary fiber and metabolic syndrome: A complex relationship. J Curr Res Food Sci 2022;3(2):120-124. DOI: 10.22271/foodsci.2022.v3.i2b.134

Journal of Current Research in Food Science

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