Journal of Current Research in Food Science
2021, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A
Participatory variety selection of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in highland areas of North Gondar, Ethiopia
Author(s): Yismaw Degenet, Yohannes Azene, Masresha Gashaw and Asnakew Takele
Abstract: Wheat is one of Ethiopia\'s most important crops, serving as a source of food security, import-substitution, and raw material for the agro-processing industry. Farmers use Participatory Variety Selection (PVS) to recognize and pick improved varieties in a reasonable time frame, thus overcoming the constraints that force farmers to grow old or obsolete varieties. Eleven bread wheat varieties including the local check were tested at Debark and Dabat districts during 2016 main cropping season. The objective of this experiment was to select best adaptive and high yielder variety with the participation of farmers. The experiment was conducted as mother and baby trial fashion. The Mother trial was laid on randomized complete block design with three replications. The combined analysis of variance across locations indicated that there was highly significant difference (p<0.01) among the varieties for plant height, days to heading, days to maturity, spike length, number of spikelet per spike, number of seeds per spike, grain yield and there was significant difference among the varieties in biomass yield. The grain yield was ranged from 3685 kg ha-1 (local check) to 5102 kg ha-1 (Alidoro). Alidoro was the highest in grain yield and other yield related parameters and had a grain yield advantage of 38.4% over the local check. Farmers were also invited and evaluated the varieties based on their selection criteria during maturity time in both districts (Woredas). Based on their selection criteria, Alidoro was selected as first by farmers during field evaluation. Therefore, based on the analysis and farmers preference, Alidoro was recommended for production with its full production packages in highland areas of North Gondar and other similar agro ecologies. In addition to this, Milan and Shorima can be recommended as a 2nd and 3rd option for Debark district.
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How to cite this article:
Yismaw Degenet, Yohannes Azene, Masresha Gashaw, Asnakew Takele. Participatory variety selection of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in highland areas of North Gondar, Ethiopia. J Curr Res Food Sci 2021;2(2):34-39.